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What is Laser Bacterial Reduction?

There are many uses for lasers in the dental field. Depending on the laser in use, one can perform a range of procedures. There is a place for laser use in almost every specialty in the dental field; from dental hygiene to oral surgery.

Laser bacterial reduction (LBR) uses dental soft tissue lasers to attack and destroy bacteria that causes inflammation and periodontal disease at a microscopic level. The laser used in the procedure will effectively target bacterial colonies, which are not reachable with other methods, and promotes healing with a non-cutting method.

With laser bacterial reduction, the laser fiber is administered into the open space of the periodontal pocket and moved using a sweeping motion, which will effectively kill harmful bacteria. Laser bacterial reduction can be performed before any hygienic procedure. There have been a wide range of studies conducted that have shown LBR has many positive effects, which include a reduction in planktonic bacteria for 21-58 days, and elevation of ATP synthesis, and a reduced number of anaerobes introduced in the bloodstream.

When bacteria enter an inflamed periodontal pocket, there are billions of bacteria that are present. Laser bacterial reduction can reduce the bacteria in an inflamed periodontal pocket from billions to hundreds in just seconds. With proper home care, an individual’s periodontal pockets will re-attach and bacteria will return to normal levels within a few weeks.